Echocardiography

ECHO 1100 ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY FUNDAMENTALS (30-30-3)
Prerequisite: Program Admission
This course introduces the basic principles and applications of the physical assessment and echocardiographic procedures. Discussion of medical law and ethics as it relates to the professional scope of practice. Topics include basic echocardiographic imaging principles, patient skills and equipment instrumentation, basic Doppler and color principles, medical law and ethics and common terminology and abbreviations.

ECHO 1310 ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY I (0-90-3)
Prerequisite: ECHO 1100
This course utilizes cardiac sonography fundamentals to evaluate cardiac anatomy, function and hemodynamics in diagnosing coronary artery heart disease. Incorporates all forms of noninvasive cardiovascular evaluation with emphasis on performance and interpretation of M-mode, 2-demensional, and Doppler echocardiography. Emphasis will be placed on obtaining quality echocardiograms, and laboratory experience will demonstrate the application of theoretical principles and concepts. Topics include: ventricular function, coronary artery disease, stress echocardiography, transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), 3-D/4-D Echocardiography, contrast echocardiography and advanced techniques/procedures.

ECHO 1320 ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY II (0-90-3)
Prerequisite: ECHO 1310
Co-requisite: ECHO 1370
This course utilizes fundamentals to evaluate cardiac function and acquired disease states. Incorporates all forms of noninvasive cardiovascular evaluation with emphasis on performance and interpretation of M-mode, 2-dimensional, and Doppler echocardiography. Emphasis will be placed on obtaining quality echocardiograms, and laboratory experience will demonstrate the application of theoretical principles and concepts. Topics include: valvular heart disease, cardiomyopathies, systemic and pulmonary hypertensive heart disease, pericardial diseases, systemic disease, cardiac transplantation, cardiac tumors/masses, diseases of the aorta, pericardial diseases, and miscellaneous topics.

ECHO 1370 ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY CLINICAL I (0-315-7)
Prerequisites: ECHO 1100, ECHO 1310
Co-requisite: ECHO 1320
This course provides hands-on experience in performing noninvasive cardiovascular procedures with emphasis on instrumentation and development of clinical techniques. Topics include: policies and procedures, echocardiographic instrumentation, recording patient information, patient preparation, and performing echocardiographic examinations.

ECHO 2310 PEDIATRIC ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY (30-30-3)
Prerequisite: ECHO 1310
Co-requisite: ECHO 2360
This course offers an introduction to congenital heart disease with instruction on fetal cardiac embryology, pediatric pathology, age appropriate patient care, corrective surgical procedures. Emphasis is placed on the latest modalities and specialties of a pediatric noninvasive cardiac diagnostic study. Topics include: fetal cardiac embryology, acyanotic lesions, cyanotic lesions, complex congenital heart disease, corrective surgical procedures, Doppler, color flow, and 2-D imaging, research methods, syndromes, sedation, and transducer selection.

ECHO 2360 ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY CLINICAL II (0-315-7)
Prerequisite: ECHO 1370
Co-requisite: ECHO 2310
This course provides hands-on experience in the clinical setting with an emphasis placed on the development of clinical techniques employed to obtain meaningful data. Continued participation by the student will progressively lead to the student performing diagnostic procedures with less assistance but under the supervision of an appropriately credentialed sonographer. Topics include: echocardiographic instrumentation, logging and reporting information, preparation for echocardiographic examinations, medical ethics and performing echocardiographic procedures. Students may do a brief rotation through an invasive cardiology lab, pediatric lab and/or vascular lab.

ECHO 2370 ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY CLINICAL III (0-450-10)
Prerequisite: ECHO 2360
Co-requisite: ECHO 2400
This course builds on the knowledge and skills learned in Clinical Echo 3. By the end of this rotation, the student will perform all echocardiography procedures independently with the supervision of an appropriately credentialed sonographer. This course provides a culminating clinical setting experience which allows students to synthesize information and procedural instruction provided throughout the program. Emphasis is placed on skill level improvements and final completion of all required clinical competencies presented in previous courses and practiced in previous clinical vascular courses. Topics include: scanning, documentation of pathologies, patient and equipment skills, current literature, professionalism, and ethical behavior.

ECHO 2400 COMPREHENSIVE REGISTRY REVIEW (0-30-1)
Prerequisite: ECHO 2310
Co-requisite: ECHO 2370
This course will be an overall review of Echocardiography to include demonstration of normal and abnormal cardiac anatomy, cardiac physiology, pathophysiology and hemodynamics/physics in the different types of cardiac disease/dysfunctions. Also included will be a review of clinical non-invasive cardiac diagnostic procedures, laboratory values, pharmacology and test validation and measurements. Emphasis is placed on reviewing information so that the student will successfully pass the ARMDS and/or CCI certification examinations. Topics include: normal and abnormal cardiac anatomy, techniques, pathology, physics/hemodynamics, test validation and measurements, and laboratory values.